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Author: Pereira SL1, Kummerle AE, Fraga CA, Barreiro EJ, Sudo RT, Zapata-Sudo G.

Journal: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology, v. 28, p. 29-41, 2014.

ABSTRACT

New bioactive N-acylhydrazone derivatives synthesized from safrole previously have been found to promote intense vasodilation and antihypertensive activity. In this study, we describe the synthesis and the cardiovascular effects of the new N-acylhydrazone derivative (E)-N-methyl-N'-(thiophen-3-ylmethylene)benzo[d][1,3]dioxole-5-carbohydrazide (LASSBio-1289). Thoracic aorta and left papillary muscles from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were prepared for isometric tension recording. LASSBio-1289 promoted relaxation of endothelium-intact and denuded aortic rings with respective pIC₅₀ (-log IC₅₀) values of 5.07 ± 0.09 and 4.26 ± 0.09 (P < 0.001) for WKY rats and 5.43 ± 0.05 and 5.58 ± 0.07 (P > 0.05) for SHR. The vasodilator activity of LASSBio-1289 was increased in the KCl-contracted aorta. LASSBio-1289 attenuated the contracture elicited by Ca(2+) in depolarized aorta from both WKY rats and SHR. In endothelium-intact aorta from WKY rats, LASSBio-1289-induced relaxation was unchanged after incubation with propranolol, ZM 241385, atropine, diphenhydramine, and HOE140, but was significantly reduced by L-NAME and ODQ. LASSBio-1289 decreased papillary muscles contractility only at concentrations above 200 μm. Acute intravenous injection of LASSBio-1289 (3 mg/kg) produced a significant hypotensive response in SHR but not in WKY rats, suggesting its antihypertensive profile. The antihypertensive effect was also observed in SHR during 14 days of intraperitoneal and oral administration. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that LASSBio-1289 induces both endothelium-independent vasorelaxation involving the inhibition of Ca(2+) influx through L-type Ca(2+) channels in aorta from WKY rats and SHR, and endothelium-dependent relaxation mediated by the NO/cyclic GMP pathway in WKY rats

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Author: da Silva JS1, Pereira SL1, Maia Rdo C1, Landgraf SS2, Caruso-Neves C2, Kümmerle AE3, Fraga CA1, Barreiro EJ1, Sudo RT1, Zapata-Sudo G4.

Journal: Life Sciences (1973), v. 94, p. 30-36, 2014.

Abstract

Aims: This work investigated the effects of 3,4-methylenedioxybenzoyl-2-thienylhydrazone (LASSBio-294) treatment on the contractile response of soleus (SOL) muscle from ratssubmitted to myocardialinfarction (MI).

Main Methods: Following coronary artery ligation, LASSBio-294 (2mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle was administrated once daily for 4 weeks.

Key Findings: The run time to fatigue for sham rats was 17.9 ±2.6 min, and it was reduced to 3.3 ± 0.8 min (P<0.05) in MI rats. In MI rats treated with LASSBio-294, the time to fatigue was 15.1 ± 3.6 min. During the contractile test, SOL muscles from sham rats showed a response of 7.12 ± 0.54N/cm(2) at 60 Hz, which was decreased to 5.45 ± 0.49 N/cm(2) (P<0.05) in MI rats. The contractility of SOL muscles from the MI-LASSBio-294 group was increased to 9.01 ± 0.65N/cm(2). At 16 mM caffeine, the contractility was reduced from 2.31 ± 0.33 to 1.60 ± 0.21 N/cm(2) (P<0.05) in the MI group. In SOL muscles from MI-LASSBio-294 rats, the caffeine response was increased to 2.62 ± 0.33 N/cm(2). Moreover, SERCA2a expression in SOL muscles was decreased by 0.31-fold (31%) in the MI group compared to the Sham group (P<0.05). In the MI-LASSBio-294 group, it was increased by 1.53-fold (153%) compared to the MI group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the nuclear density in SOL muscles was increased in the MI group compared to the Sham group. Treatment with LASSBio-294 prevented this enhancement of cellular infiltrate.

Significance: LASSBio-294 treatment prevented the development of muscular fatigue and improved exerciseintolerance in ratssubmitted to MI.

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